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Give me beauty in the inward soul,
And may the inward and the outer be at one.
May I reckon wisdom to be wealth,
And may I have so much gold as a temperate person,
And only a temperate person,
Can bear and carry.
Socrates (470-399 B.C.E.) is credited with helping to establish the foundation for Western philosophy. He promoted critical reasoning and established the Socratic method of teaching, both of which employ critical questions in the pursuit of truth. Plato was Socrates’ student.