Give me beauty in the inward soul; and may the outward and the inward be at one. May I reckon the wise to be the wealthy, and may I have such a quantity of gold as a temperate person, and only a temperate person, can carry.
Plato (c. 428-348 B.C.E.), a student of Socrates and teacher to Aristotle, helped to lay the philosophical foundation for Western culture. He founded the first institution of higher learning in the Western world—the Academy in Athens.