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Henry Bellows, “The Relation of Liberal Christians to a True Theology and a Higher Religious Life”

“The Relation of Liberal Christians to a True Theology and a Higher Religious Life”

Henry Bellows

(Address delivered at the 33rd anniversary of the American Unitarian Association, May 25, 1858)

  1. Bellows notes that Unitarians usually deny that they are a sect, because such an attitude would interfere with a larger religious mission.

Rabindranath Tagore: Poet of Power at Age 150

By Herbert F. Vetter


My introduction tells a tale, beginning with this poem:

All the black evils in the world have overflowed their banks,
Yet, oarsmen, take your places with the blessing of sorrow in your souls!
Whom do you blame, brother?

Rabindranath Tagore: The Heart of God: Poems

The following are selections from Herbert F. Vetter’s collection of poems by Tagore, The Heart of God

Prayers and Meditations from Gitanjali
By Rabindranath Tagore


You have made me endless, such is Your pleasure. This frail vessel You empty again and again and fill it ever with fresh life.…

Charles Hartshorne: A Biography – Introduction

By Donald Wayne Viney

Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000) was the leading representative of what has come to be called process philosophy during the second half of the twentieth century; but his career spanned the better part of the century, and his influence extended beyond philosophy to include theology, psychology, and ornithology.…

Charles Hartshorne: The Final Years

By Donald Wayne Viney

A Staggering Productivity

Hartshorne continued his remarkable productivity into his nineties. Whitehead’s Philosophy: Selected Essays, 1935-1970 (1972), a collection of previously published pieces, was followed by two shorter works that treat Whitehead in historical context: Aquinas to Whitehead: Seven Centuries of Metaphysics of Religion (1976), a succinct historical overview and defense of dipolar theism, and Whitehead’s View of Reality (1981), which he co-authored with Creighton Peden (Hartshorne contributed the first three chapters).…

Charles Hartshorne: Immortality, Evil, and Beauty

The only form of immortality for creatures that Hartshorne admits is what Whitehead called “objective immortality.” God’s memory is the measure of the reality of the past. Hence, everything a creature has been, all of its joys and sorrows, achievements and failures, are preserved in the mind of God as objectively immortal.…

Charles Hartshorne: Dipolar Theism

By Donald Wayne Viney

God is required by Hartshorne’s metaphysics of indeterminism and psychicalism. Ordered or law-like relations in nature must be explained, if at all, by the creativity of one or many of the actualities comprising the universe. The order in question, however, is cosmic in scope.…

Charles Hartshorne: Psychicalism

By Donald Wayne Viney

Human experience provides the clearest example of the novel actualities that emerge in the “creative advance.” Of course, many nonhuman forms of experience exist. The title of Thomas Nagel’s article “What is it like to be a bat?”…

Charles Hartshorne: Indeterminism

Hartshorne’s metaphysical position is indeterministic, psychicalist, and theistic. The most pervasive fact of experience, according to Hartshorne, is creativity, the becoming of novel actualities. Whitehead said in Process and Reality that the “many become one and are increased by one.” Hartshorne expresses the same idea by saying that “to be is to create.”…

Charles Hartshorne: The Austin Years

By Donald Wayne Viney

A Creative Metaphysical Synthesis

The most complete statement of Hartshorne’s neoclassical metaphysics is found in Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method (1970). He rejects the understanding of metaphysics as a search for a reality behind the veil of experience, and he has little patience with dogmatism, special claims to insight, or the search for indubitable truths.…