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Charles Hartshorne: The Meadville-Lombard Appointment

by Donald Wayne Viney

The Divine Relativity

In 1947 Hartshorne received a joint appointment at Chicago in the Philosophy Department and the Meadville/Lombard Theological School. Thus, he knew the central figures in the so-called Chicago School of Theology: Henry Nelson Wieman, Daniel Day Williams, Bernard Meland, and Bernard Loomer.…

Charles Hartshorne: The Chicago Years, Part 2

By Donald Wayne Viney

The Logic of Theism

After 1934 Hartshorne returned to metaphysics and philosophical theology, concerns he had addressed in his dissertation; but the decade of the 1930s was the heyday of the Vienna Circle and its philosophy of logical positivism, which dismissed metaphysical statements as incapable of being either true or false and, therefore, as cognitively meaningless.…

Charles Hartshorne: The Chicago Years

Part 4: The Psychology of Sensation and Humanism

by Donald Wayne Viney

In 1928 Hartshorne became a professor at the University of Chicago. Shortly after his arrival he received a dinner invitation from Dorothy Eleanore Cooper, a Chicago resident whom he had met in 1926 when she was a student at Wellesley College.…

Charles Hartshorne: Return to Harvard

Part 3: The Return to Harvard and the Influence of Pierce and Whitehead

by Donald Wayne Viney

Hartshorne was a member of the junior faculty of the Harvard philosophy department from 1925 to 1928. During this period he was exposed to the ideas of two philosophers who, more than any others, helped him refine his thinking: Charles Sanders Peirce, who had died in 1914 and whose papers Hartshorne was assigned to edit; and Alfred North Whitehead, who came from England to join the department at Harvard in 1924.…

Charles Hartshorne: From Kittanning to Cambridge

Part 2

By Donald Wayne Viney

Hartshorne (the name, which means “deer’s horn,” pronounced “hart’s horn”) was born on 5 June 1897 in Kittanning, Pennsylvania to Francis Cope Hartshorne (1868-1950), an Episcopal minister, and Marguerite Haughton Hartshorne (1868-1959). He was named for a grandfather who helped design a transcontinental railroad; the town of Hartshorne, Oklahoma was named after the grandfather.…

Frederic Henry Hedge, “The Broad Church”

“The Broad Church”

Federic Henry Hedge

In Sermons

(Roberts Bros., 1891 – original 1860)

Federic Hedge had ties to the radicals and was also a strong institutionalist. He believed in the church and “The Broad Church” was originally given as his address upon election to the Presidency of the AUA in 1860.…

Sylvester Judd, “The Birthright Church”

“The Birthright Church”

Sylvester Judd

(prepared for presentation January, 1853, and posthumously published)

Sylvester Judd was a novelist, parish minister, and moving force in the wider Unitarian Association of Maine before his early death at forty.

The present document is of particular interest as it underlines strongly the predicament of the mid-Nineteenth Century church growing ever smaller in numbers even as the population grew.…

“The Period of Radicalism,” by George Willis Cooke

Chapter VII: “The Period of Radicalism”

by George Willis Cooke

in Unitarianism in America

(American Unitarian Association, 1902), pages 155ff

1) Did the theological disputes of the time effectively kill Unitarian extension due to a preoccupation with theology and a drying up of contributions by conservatives?…

“A Sermon on the Principles and Methods of the Church of the Disciples,” by James Freeman Clarke

“A Sermon on the Principles and Methods of the Church of the Disciples”

James Freeman Clarke

December 7, 1843

J.F. Clarke became one of the founders of the Free Religious Association right after the Civil War. He was thus a radical on social questions and church polity.…

“M. Grandpierre on American Unitarianism,” by John Pierpoint

Art. VI, “M. Grandpierre on American Unitarianism”

by J. P. (John Pierpoint)

in The Christian Examiner 

May, 1854, pages 397-422

The article is obviously a defense of Unitarianism. The section on organization interests most for polity issues. Does the nature of the defense suggest where Unitarians commonly felt weakness in their organization in the mid-1900s?…