a digital library of Unitarian Universalist biographies, history, books, and media

Donate to Harvard Square Library

Buy Books at Amazon and Support HSL

Sign Up for Updates
Advanced Search

Select a specific category, tag, or series (or a combination of these) within which to search, or search in all categories, tags, and series by leaving the drop-down menus set to "All Items." For more information about searching, see the search tips on our FAQ page.

Notable American Unitarians, 1936-1961

This collection of more than 150 illustrated biographies details the lives of more than 150 twentieth-century Unitarians who have made a significant contribution to American and international life and culture. Figures represented include May Sarton, Frank Lloyd Wright, Adlai Stevenson, Béla Bartók, Margaret Laurence, Roger Baldwin, Pete Seeger, Linus Pauling, and Albert Schweitzer, among others.

  • James Luther Adams: Theologian of Power, 1901-1994
  • Conrad Aiken: Unitarian Prodigy Poet, 1889-1973
  • Arthur Altmeyer: Father of Social Security, 1891-1972
  • Blanche Ames Ames: Artist & Women’s Rights Activist, 1878-1969
  • Melvin Arnold: Publisher, 1913-2000
  • E. Burdette Backus: Humanistic Ministry in Indianapolis, 1888-1955
  • Ben H. Bagdikian: Journalist for Social Justice, 1920-
  • Sara Josephine Baker: Physician and Public Health Worker, 1873-1945
  • Emily Greene Balch: Nobel Prize Laureate, 1867-1961
  • Roger Baldwin: Founder, American Civil Liberties Union, 1884-1981
  • John Bardeen: Double Nobel Laureate Scientist, 1908-1991
  • Béla Bartók: Composer, 1881-1945
  • Wendell Berge: Trust Buster, Washington D.C., 1903-1955
  • Paul & Mary Blanshard: Fighters for Social Justice, 1892-1980 & 1902-1965
  • John Nicholls Booth: From Magician to Minister, 1893-1960
  • Chester Bliss Bowles: Governor and Diplomat, 1901-1986
  • Ray Bradbury: Writer, 1920-2012
  • Ralph Wendell Burhoe: Religion in an Age of Science: 1911-1997
  • Edward C. Bursk: Harvard Business Review Editor: 1907-1990
  • Harold Hitz Burton: Justice of the US Supreme Court: 1888-1964
  • Hugh Cabot: Surgeon and Medical Reformer, 1872-1945
  • Ida M. Cannon: Pioneer Medical Social Worker: 1877-1960
  • Walter Bradford Cannon: Experimental Physiologist: 1871-1945
  • Paul N. Carnes: In Memoriam, 1921-1979
  • Brock Chisholm: Director, World Health Organization, 1896-1971
  • Grenville Clark: World Peace Through World Law, 1882-1967
  • Joseph S. Clark: US Senator and Mayor of Philadelphia, 1901-1990
  • Stanley Cobb: Neurologist and Psychiatrist, 1887-1968
  • Arthur Code: Astrophysicist and Space Age Astronomer, 1923-2009
  • Henry Steele Commager: American Public Intellectual, 1902-1998
  • William David Coolidge: Inventor, Physician, Research Director, 1873-1975
  • J. Raymond Cope: Minister in Berkeley, 1905-1988
  • Norman Cousins: Editor and Writer (Unitarian Friend), 1915-1990
  • Gardner Cox: Artist, 1906-1988
  • Bernice Brown Cronkhite: Radcliffe College Graduate Dean, 1893-1983
  • E. E. Cummings: Poet and Painter, 1894-1962
  • Merle E. Curti: American Social Historian, 1897-1966
  • Cyrus Dallin: American Sculptor, 1860-1943
  • Mabel Wheeler Daniels: Composer, 1878-1971
  • A. Powell Davies: Minister in the Capital, 1902-1957
  • Karl W. Deutsch: International Political Scientist, 1912-1992
  • John Dewey: A Common Faith (Unitarian Friend), 1859-1952
  • John H. Dietrich: Religion Without God?, 1878-1957
  • James Drummond Dole: Entrepreneur, 1877-1958
  • Emily Taft Douglas: US Representative, Illinois, 1899-1994
  • Paul H. Douglas: US Senator, 1892-1976
  • Abigail Adams Eliot: Nursery School Movement Pioneer, 1892-1992
  • Charles W. Eliot: Landscape Architect, 1899-1993
  • Frederick May Eliot: American Unitarian Association President, 1889-1958
  • Martha May Eliot: Social Pediatrician, Children’s Bureau Chief, 1891-1978
  • Samuel Atkins Eliot: First President of the Unitarians, 1862-1950
  • Thomas H. Eliot: Legislator and Educator, 1907-1991
  • William Emerson: MIT Dean of Architecture, 1873-1957
  • Sophia Lyon Fahs: Liberal Religious Educator, 1876-1978
  • Joseph and Margaret Fisher: Partners in Living Religon, 1914-1992; 1921-
  • Arthur Foote II: The Celebration of Life, 1911-1999
  • Henry Wilder Foote: Minister, Scholar, Hymnologist, 1875-1964
  • Stephen H. Fritchman: Heretic, 1902-1981
  • Buckminster Fuller: Designer of a New World, 1895-1983
  • Max Gaebler: Minister in Madison and Beyond, 1921-
  • Frank Gannett: Newspaper Publisher, 1876-1957
  • Dana McLean Greeley: The First Unitarian Universalist President, 1908-1986
  • Nancy Hale: Writer, 1908-1988
  • Donald S. Harrington: Community Church of New York, 1914-2005
  • Vilma Szantho Harrington: Woman Minister, 1913 – 1982
  • Charles Hartshorne: The Einstein of Religious Thought, 1897-2000
  • John Hayward: Philosopher of Religion and the Arts, 1918-2012
  • Clara Cook Helvie: Unitarian Ministry Pioneer, 1876-1969
  • Lotta Hitschmanova: Founder, Unitarian Service Committee of Canada, 1909 – 1990
  • John Holmes: Poet and Friend of Poetry, 1904-1962
  • John Haynes Holmes: The Community Church of New York, 1879-1964
  • Duncan Howlett: Minister, Author, and Forester, 1906-2003
  • Homer A. Jack: Social Activist, 1916-1993
  • Charles Rhind Joy: International Humanitarian, 1885-1978
  • Gyorgy Kepes: Exemplar of the Visual Arts, 1906-2001
  • James R. Killian, Jr.: President of MIT, 1904-1988
  • George Elbert Kimball: Operations Research Innovator, 1906-1967
  • W.M. Kiplinger: Publisher of the Kiplinger Letters, 1891-1967
  • Walter Donald Kring: Minister and Potter, 1917 – 1999
  • Arthur Becket Lamb: Chemist, Editor, Educator, 1880-1952
  • William L. Langer: Historian of Diplomacy, 1896-1977
  • John Howland Lathrop: Brooklyn’s World Minister, 1880-1967
  • Margaret Laurence: The First Lady of Canadian Literature, 1926 – 1983
  • Alfred McClung and Elizabeth Briant Lee: Frontline Sociologists, 1906-1992; 1908-1999
  • Arthur Lismer: Canadian Painter, Educator Through Art, 1885-1969
  • Duncan Littlefair: A Unitarian Preaching Naturalistic Religion, 1912-2004
  • Dorothy Livesay: Canadian Creator of Literary Culture, 1909-1996
  • Arthur Lovejoy: Founder of the History of Ideas Movement, 1873 – 1962
  • Florence Hope Luscomb: A Radical Foremother, 1887-1985
  • Rowena Morse Mann: First Woman Doctor of Philosophy, 1870-1958
  • John P. Marquand: Author, 1893-1960
  • Edward S. Mason: Political Economist, 1899-1992
  • Bernard Maybeck: California Architect, 1862-1957
  • Vashti Cromwell McCollum: Advocate for Church/State Separation, 1916-2006
  • Wade McCree, Jr.: Solicitor General of the United States, 1920-1987
  • Sidney E. Mead: Historian of Religion in America, 1904-1999
  • Daniel Melcher: Publishing Executive, 1912 – 1985
  • Frederic G. Melcher: Dean of American Publishing, 1879-1963
  • Jack Mendelsohn: Minister in Two Worlds, 1918-2012
  • Robert Millikan: Scientist, 1883-1953
  • Ashley Montagu: Anthropologist and Social Biologist, 1905-1999
  • Christopher Moore: Founder of Chicago’s Children’s Choir, 1929-1987
  • Mary Carr Moore: Composer, Teacher, Far Western Activist for American Music, 1873-1957
  • Arthur E. Morgan: Human Engineer and College President, 1878-1975
  • The Morison Brothers: A Unitarian Heritage
  • Margaret Moseley: Mountain-Moving Civil Rights Activist, 1901-1997
  • Maurine Neuberger: United States Senator, 1907-2000
  • Minerva Parker Nichols: A First American Woman Architect, 1860-1943
  • Max Otto: Unitarian Humanist, 1876-1968
  • Winfred Overholser: Psychiatrist, 1892-1964
  • Mary White Ovington: Founder of the NAACP, 1865-1951
  • David Park: West Coast Painter, 1911-1960
  • Kenneth Leo Patton: A Religion for One World, 1911-1994
  • Linus Pauling: Nobel Laureate for Peace and for Chemistry, 1901-1994
  • Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: Astronomer and Astrophysicist, 1900-1980
  • Leslie T. Pennington: Minister of Living Democracy, 1899-1974
  • William Pickering: Space Explorer, 1910-2004
  • Daniel Pinkham: Composer, 1923-2006
  • Van Rensselaer Potter: Global Bioethics, 1911-2001
  • Robert Raible: Unitarianism in Dallas, 1899-1968
  • Mary Jane Rathbun: Marine Zoologist, 1860-1943
  • Curtis W. Reese: Statesman of Religious Humanism, 1887-1961
  • Aurelia Henry Reinhardt: Mills College President, 1877-1948
  • Malvina Reynolds: Songwriter / Singer / Activist, 1900-1978
  • Elliot Lee Richardson: Lawyer and Public Servant, 1920-1999
  • Irma Rombauer: The Joy of Cooking, 1877-1962
  • Leverett Saltonstall: United States Senator, 1892-1979
  • Lilian Steichen Sandburg: Woman of a Million Names, 1883-1977
  • May Sarton: A Poet, 1912-1995
  • Arthur Schlesinger: Unrepentant Liberal Historian, 1917-2007
  • Richard Schultes: Explorer of the Amazon Jungle, 1915-2001
  • Albert Schweitzer: Exemplar of Life (Unitarian Friend), 1875-1965
  • Pete Seeger: Folk Singer and Songwriter, 1919-2014
  • Roy Wood Sellars: Philosopher of Religious Humanism, 1883-1973
  • Rod Serling: American Master, 1924-1975
  • Martha Sharp Cogan (1905-1999) and Waitstill Sharp (1902-1984): Unitarian Service Committee Pioneers
  • Herbert A. Simon: Artifical Intelligence Pioneer, 1916-2001
  • Dorothy T. Spoerl: Minister, Educator, Editor, 1909-1996
  • Vilhjalmur Stefansson: Arctic Explorer, 1879-1962
  • Adlai E. Stevenson: A Voice of Conscience, 1900-1965
  • Jessie Taft: Psychologist, Sociologist, Social Work Educator, 1882-1960
  • Robert Ulich: Educator of Educators, 1890-1977
  • Caroline Veatch: Philanthropist, 1870-1953
  • Von Ogden Vogt: Exemplar of Religion and Art, 1879-1964
  • Caroline Farrar Ware: Historian and Social Activist, 1899-1990
  • Alfred North Whitehead: New World Philosopher (Unitarian Friend), 1861-1947
  • Willis Rodney Whitney: The “Father of Basic Research in Industry,” 1887-1958
  • Henry Nelson Wieman: Philosopher of Natural Religion, 1884-1975
  • Earl Morse Wilbur: Historian of Unitarianism, 1886-1956
  • Samuel Williston: Dean of America’s Legal Profession, 1861-1963
  • Edwin H. Wilson: Unitarian Humanist Leader, 1899-1993
  • David Rhys Williams: A Prophet in Rochester, 1890-1970
  • George Huntston Williams: Historian of the Christian Church, 1914-2000
  • William Carlos Williams: Physician and Author, 1883-1963
  • Conrad Wright: Historian of American Unitarianism, 1917-2011
  • Frank Lloyd Wright: Unitarian Architect, 1867-1959
  • Quincy Wright: Author of A Study of War, 1890-1970
  • Sewall Wright: Darwin’s Successor—Evolutionary Theorist, 1889-1988
  • Theodore Paul Wright: Aeronautical Engineer and Idealist, 1895-1970
  • N.C. Wyeth: Illustrator and Painter, 1882-1945
  • Ruth Young (Jandreau): Labor Union Leader, 1916-1986
  • Whitney Moore Young, Jr.: Social Work Administrator, 1921-1971
  • Appendix: Sellars’s 15 Theses of Naturalistic Humanism
  • Appendix: Unitarian Society of Madison
  • Appendix: Henry Nelson Wieman, The Confessions of a Religious Seeker