a digital library of Unitarian Universalist biographies, history, books, and media
the digital library of Unitarian Universalism
Home » Biographies » Flower, Eliza (1803-1846)

Flower, Eliza (1803-1846)

Eliza Flower (1803–1846) was a British musician and composer. In addition to her own work, Flower became known for her friendships including those with William Johnson Fox, Robert Browning, John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor.

Eliza FlowerEliza Flower was born at Harlow, Essex in 1803 to radical journalist Benjamin Flower and philanthropist Eliza Gould. Her younger sister was the poet Sarah Fuller Flower Adams. From the age of four, Eliza Flower showed a promising aptitude for music and composition. Flower, her father and her sister were all regular contributor’s to Unitarian minister William Johnson Fox’s periodical the Monthly Repository. Following Benjamin Flower’s death, Eliza and Sarah lived with Fox as his wards until Sarah’s marriage in 1834 to William Bridges Adams, and Eliza’s death in 1846. Fox was married (and separated) and his friendship with Eliza Flower, and their living arrangements, though platonic, brought rumour and social ostracism towards her. Flower and Fox were friends with unmarried couple, politician and philosopher John Stuart Mill and women’s rights advocate Harriet Taylor.

Flower’s first published musical work was Four Musical Illustrations of the Waverley Novels in 1831, setting to music several of Sir Walter Scott’s romantic songs. She later wrote music for works by her sister, including her hymn “Nearer, My God, to Thee”, which formed part of a collection by Fox called Hymns and Anthems.

Flower and her sister Sarah became acquainted with the young poet Robert Browning. Flower was shown a manuscript of Browning’s Incondita, a collection of poems written at the age of 12, by his mother. Impressed, Flower showed them to W. J. Fox. Fox also liked the poems but convinced Browning that they were not good enough for publication. The poems were eventually destroyed by Browning, with much of his other work, in 1884. Browning developed a boyish love for Flower, nine years his senior, and remained fond of her until her death. She was the inspiration for his poem “Pauline.”


 


Notable in UU History
Edwin D. Mead

Mead, Edwin D. (1849-1937)

Edwin Doak Mead—reformer, editor, and author—was a direct descendant of Gabriel Mead, who settled in Dorchester, ... Read More
Painting of Reinhardt

Reinhardt, Aurelia Henry (1877-1948)

An expectant audience was not disappointed when Frederick May Eliot, the president of the American Unitarian ... Read More
Amory Dwight Mayo

Mayo, Amory Dwight (1823-1907)

After studying theology with Hosea Ballou and serving both Universalist and Unitarian churches in Gloucester, Massachusetts, ... Read More
Thomas Wentworth Higginson

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth (1823-1911)

Called a man whose whole life was a “sermon on freedom," Higginson had a fascinating career ... Read More